Natural Stone Tile How It is Made & Its Benefits

Natural Stone Tile Los Angeles

Natural stone tile has been a popular flooring material for many decades. It has been used at places of worship, public buildings, grand houses and royal buildings, due to its durability and beauty. Some common examples of natural stone include granite, slate, limestone, and marble. These are all carved out of a quarried natural rock.

Quarrying and carving natural stone is a labor-intensive process, which was done manually for the longest time. However, with recent technological advancements, the process can now be mechanized. Consequently, natural stone tiles have become readily available and more affordable.

A significant number of traditional artisans still cut, carve, and polish natural stone manually. In addition, natural stone quarries, both modern and ancient exist in various parts of the world, from Europe to India, North America, and Asia.

How to Make Natural Stone Tile

Large blocks of rock, are first cut from quarries. This can be done either with diamond cutting equipment or explosives. The method used mainly depends on hardness and type of the rock, as well as its physical location. Large cuts are preferred due to their efficiency. They also achieve large unbroken slab surfaces.

Diamonds provide the needed strength for cutting through the stone while saws are used to achieve clean and consistent cuts. These large blocks of rock, are further cut into smaller slabs of different thickness. The stone surface is then polished using machines, to achieve different textural effects, from ultra-smooth to rustic.

natural stone tile
Polished Travertine

After polishing, the stone is further cut into smaller sizes, suitable for floor and wall tiles. This process is done using special water-cooled saws. In most instances, the surface is finely sanded to give it a smooth and polished look.

On the other hand, if the surface is sanded slightly less, it produces a smooth matte look, which is known as honed. Natural stone can also be finished to give it other dramatic textures like split, faced, hammered, tumbled, or brushed. After these processes, the stone tile is now ready for the customer.

Benefits of Natural Stone Tile

Natural stone flooring options can be used for numerous applications, ranging from flooring bathrooms, kitchens, and other surfaces. Some of the reasons why you should consider natural flooring over other materials include:

– Variety 

There are numerous types of natural stone and all of them provide a gorgeous appearance. Marble and granite are among the most popular natural stone flooring options. The give your surface a great finish, whether they are used in kitchens, sunrooms, bathrooms, and others.

– Increased value 

One of the main reasons why you should consider natural stone flooring options is because they add value to your home. Most people who are buying houses, tend to prefer those which are fitted with natural stone flooring materials. Therefore, if your house is installed with natural stone tiles, it will sell faster.

– Durability 

With proper care and maintenance, natural stone tiles can remain stain-resistant for many decades. However, you should apply a sealant after a few years. This maintenance is easy, something that you can do in a few hours, to ensure your floor or countertop remains beautiful. It is also hard to crack natural stone, while scratches are easy to remove.

– Diversity 

Since the stone is obtained from nature, no two cuts of natural stone are identical. This means that you will have a unique counter or floor in your house, which you cannot find elsewhere. Natural stone tiles produce a unique and beautiful appearance. They give your floors a rich elegance, something that only Mother Nature herself can create. This gives you the ability to find the perfect stone that you want for your home.

Variations of Natural Stone Tile

Travertine: It is a variation of limestone, featuring a honeycomb structure as well as numerous surface indentations. The dents can be either filled with resin to achieve a smooth surface or left unfilled to give it a textured finish.

Granite: This is an igneous rock which is very hard. Granite stone tiles are very durable. It is available in a wide range of rich colors. It is mainly used on countertops and flooring as well.

Marble: Marble is familiar to most people since it is a very common material in churches and other public buildings. Darker marbles should not be used in wet areas due to their porosity.

Bottom Line

Regardless of what project your tackling in your home, you should consider natural stone tiles. They are available in a wide range of colors and styles. Although they might require more maintenance than porcelain or ceramic tiles, they are very durable while adding resale value to your home. For timeless elegance and beauty, explore natural stone flooring options.